Cultural Revolution

A cultural revolution differs from a social revolution because in a cultural revolution, there is a change in the culture of the people to either make it more traditional or modernized. With this type of revolution, it does not have to be connected at all with politics even though the majority of the time it is.

Cultural Revolution in Iran

In Iran, many reformists used this term in reference to their wanting of a more traditionalized government, now not to be revolved around the modernization of Iran. This was the case especially with religious leaders that existed during the reign of the last shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. They felt that the western influence in this area was harmful to the people and the culture of Iran. They wanted this country to be an individual again and to be revolved around the Islamic faith. During this Cultural Revolution, the universities closed for two whole years. Also many religious leaders shut down western influences, including bilingual schools in the area. In the schools there were separations of children, ones that were veiled and others that stayed avant-garde. They also persuaded many women to dress in the veil as a symbol of opposition to the Shah and loyalty to Islam. With this, there arised a new dilemma regarding the opinions of this veil which many felt was another form of oppression. Regardless of what they felt, the veil was needed or one risked being assaulted. These leaders of these movements referred to the Chinese Cultural Revolution as an example of the western influence and the loss of pride in one's country.
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Cultural Revolution in China

The Cultural Revolution took place in China starting in 1966, in which Mao Zedong noticed that the Communist party was separated into two groups. He felt that some members of the newly created People’s Republic of China were too focused on economic development and had become capitalists or “bourgeois” in their ways because they felt that the revolution was over. Zedong supported the radicals who wanted to keep the revolutionary spirit alive, which did not focus on the modernization of China. He created many programs in an attempt to reform China, such as the Socialist Education Movement, which he hoped would restore a more traditional government. He also used middle-class students as a form of protest and political demonstration. In other words, he wanted China to remain traditional and to have more support for their government, rather than their own field of work.
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__http://www-chaos.umd.edu/history/prc3.html__

__http://dicitonary.reference.com/search?q=culturalrevolution__


__http://www.mwlusa.org/publications/opinion/veil.html__

__http://social.chass.ncsu.edu/wyrick/debclass/mohant.htm__

__http://www.utexas.edu/feautures/archive/2002/veil.html__