The Bataan Death March took place in the Philippines during World War II. On April 9, 1942, American and Filipino troops surrendered to the Japanese. The soldiers were taken as prisoners of war (POW). General Masahuro Homma discovered that there were more men than he could take with him to the camp in San Fernando by truck. Therefore, he had the rest of them walk the 90 mile journey there. The POW's were weak, malnourished and tired. Those who fell behind were either killed or left to die. They rarely recieved the promised food and water. When they recieved food, it was only a handful of contaminated rice. They weren't alowed to get water. When a group of them attempted to, they were shot to death. When they were allowed, the water contained maggots. This was torture not only because the weather was really hot but also because there was clean and fresh water nearby. Beheadings, shootings and cut throats were considered merciful actions. This event came to be known as the Japanese War Crime. It is remembered today in the Philippines, Hawaii and other states in the U.S.

The march, involving the forcible transfer of 75,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war captured by the Japanese in the Philippines from the Bataan peninsula to prison camps, was characterized by wide-ranging physical abuse and murder, and resulted in very high fatalities inflicted upon the prisoners and civilians along the route by the armed force of the Empire of Japan