Bildungsroman: used in Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi

Bildungsroman is a novelistic genre that sprung out in Germany during the Englightenment period. Bildungsroman is a technique used by authors to depict psychological, moral and social shaping of the personality of a young lead character.
The Bildungsroman generally takes the following course:
  • The protagonist grows from child to adult.
  • The protagonist must have a reason to embark upon their journey. A loss or discontent must, at an early stage, jar them away from their home or family setting.
  • The process of maturation is long, arduous and gradual, involving repeated clashes between the hero's needs and desires and the views and judgements enforced by an unbending social order. This bears some similarity to Sigmund Freud's concept of the pleasure principle versus the reality principle.
  • Eventually, the spirit and values of the social order become manifest in the protagonist, who is ultimately accommodated into the society. The novel ends with the protagonist's assessment of himself and their new place in that society.

Examples

Bildungsroman is a type of novel where you can see someone's growth from childhood to adulthood. Perespolis is an example of bildungsroman, because we see Marjane since she was 10 years old in the beginning of the book, before the veil was issued. Then we see her when she turns 12, 13, and 14 years old. Marji has grown as a person, learning about the revolution, demonstrations, and about many deaths, as well as about social classes. Toward the end of Persepolis, Marji is in the airport ready to leave to boarding school, and that could be like her adulthood, because she is leaving her family behind in Iran.

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from childhood to adulthood