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"The philosopher, social scientist, historian and revolutionary, Karl Marx, is without a doubt the most influential socialist thinker to emerge in the 19th century."
The History Guide of Marx
Karl Marx was born on May 15, 1818. He was German philosopher, social scientist and a historian. The book
The communist Manifesto
coauthored by Marx and Engels describes Marx's approach to politics and history.
"The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles”
About Karl Marx
Karl Marx studied mainly philosophy and religion. He liked to learn and join circles of radical followers and decided to be a journalist. He asked many political and social questions and because of this the paper he wrote for was banned. He was expelled from many countries because of his revolutionary ideas. He didn't let this stop him. He went to the British museum and studied writings of economists, and the government Blue Books, Hansard and many other contemporary sources on social and economic conditions in Britain and the world. He learned much about technology, ethnology and anthropology, besides political economy and economic history. He has made important contributions which today cause philosophical debates. He also proposed ideas that many people did not agree with. He argued that the conditions of modern industrial societies result in the alienation of workers for their own labor. He proposed new ideas on restructuring European society. He game more detailed theories in his book : Capital.
Foundations of Marxism
Karl Marx was a revolutionist before anything else. His mission was to make sure he was able to make a contribution in the overthrowing of capitalism in a society and all the things belonging to it. Because of his opposition and rebellious spirit, many people despised him and would often deport him from their territories.
Karl Marx was a philosopher, social scientist, historian and revolutionary. Marx's ideas got a lot of recognition after his death.
Almost none of Marx's work was published. He wanted only scholars to read his work and his intellect.
His work in politics, social, and economic ideas were ignored during his own life time.
Karl Marx info
Marx's approach to history and politics is indicated by the opening line of the first chapter of
The Communist Manifesto
(1848): “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of
”. Marx argued that
, like previous socioeconomic systems, will produce internal tensions which will lead to its destruction.
] Just as capitalism replaced
, capitalism itself will be displaced by communism, a
which emerges after a transitional period—
—in which the state would be nothing else but the revolutionary
dictatorship of the proletariat
On the one hand, Marx argued for a systemic understanding of socioeconomic change. On this model, it is the structural contradictions within capitalism which necessitate its end, giving way to communism:
On the other hand, Marx argued that socioeconomic change occurred through organized revolutionary action. On this model, capitalism will end through the organized actions of an international working class, led by a Communist Party: "Communism is for us not a state of affairs which is to be established, an ideal to which reality [will] have to adjust itself. We call communism the real movement which abolishes the present state of things
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