Mossad (which is Hebrew for institute" is responsible to stop terrorism, gather human intelligence about any national problems. It mainly focuses on Arab nations and is responisible for the movement of Jewish refugees of Syria, Iran and Ethiopia. Mossad's main headquarters takes place in Tel Aviv. During the 1980s, the staff number was great which was between 1,500- 2,000 people. It was formed on April 01, 1951, and was established by the Prime Minister, David Ben Gurion. This prime minister says that the state needed to protect itself from the continuous sieges of enemies and needed to learn about everything that was going on around them. Mossad has many departments:

  • Collections Department: responsible for spy on secret foreign operations with offices abroad both diplomatic and spying in other countries.
  • Political Action and Liasison Department: is responsible for conducting political activiteis and promoting their intelligence services with nations with which they didn't know much about.
  • Special Operations Division, also known as Metsada- is responsible for assasinating, sabotage, and psychological warfare projects.
  • LAP (Lohamah Psichologit) is responsible for psychological warfare and propaganda.
  • Research Department is responsible for creating monthly situation reports on certain countries all over the world.
  • Technology Department is respobsible for creating new technology to support Mossad operations.

The bases of the Mossad can be seen here
mossad.gif One of the Mossad symbols.

The 29 November 1947 United Nations Partition Plan plunged the Land of Israel (Eretz Yisrael) into into a maelstrom of war. The first wave of attacks came from local Arabs. When the British Mandate officially ended and the State of Israel was declared on 15 may 1948, the local Arabs were joined by Arab states, which sent their armies to invade Israel from the south, the north and the east.mossad