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Young Eclectic Liberation Leaders (YELL!)
SAVAK was the domestic security and intelligence agency of Iran from 1957 to 1979. The Savak was originally created to strengthen the Shah's ruling by placing political opponents under watch. It has been described as Iran's most feared institution before the Revolution. At the height of its power, it had as many as 60,00 agents serving in its ranks. It is estimated that 1/3 of Iranian men had some sort of connection to the SAVAK by the time the group was dismantled.
According to articles in
Federation of American Scientists
and TIME magazine, methods of torture included electric shock, whipping, beating, inserting broken glass and pouring boiling water into the rectum, tying weights to the testicles and removing teeth and nails.
The bodies of the ones that were killed by the SAVAK
The savak means
Sazeman-e Ettelaat va Amniyat-e Keshvar
National Information and Security Organization
which was formed by by
Mammad Reza Pahlavi
, Shah of Iran, in 1967. Savak was designed to kick out communist but later on grew to moniter all actvities. And later it grew to attach it self to the prime minster. Savak became a very feard organiztion, and was destroyed in 1979 during the revolution.
The Savak is an organization of Iran from 1957 to 1979. A lot of people said that it was the most horrible institution. It was found in the 1950s. The Savak organization had about 60,000 agents.
(Persian: ساواک, short for سازمان اطلاعات و امنیت کشور
Sazeman-e Ettela'at va Amniyat-e Keshvar
National Intelligence and Security Organization
) was the domestic security and intelligence service of Iran from 1957 to 1979. It has been described as Iran's "most hated and feared institution" prior to revolution of 1979, for its association with the foreign CIA intelligence organization, and its torture and execution of regime opponents
Over the years, SAVAK became a law unto itself, having legal authority to arrest and detain suspected persons indefinitely. SAVAK operated its own prisons in Tehran (the Komiteh and Evin facilities) and, many suspected, throughout the country as well. Many of these activities were carried out without any institutional checks. Thus, it came as no surprise when, in 1979, SAVAK was singled out as a primary target for reprisals, its headquarters overrun, and prominent leaders tried and executed by komiteh representatives. High-ranking SAVAK agents were purged between 1979 and 1981; there were 61 SAVAK officials among 248 military personnel executed between February and September 1979. The organization was officially dissolved by Khomeini shortly after he came to power in 1979.
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