The Soviet Union was created in Russia when the society was suffering from a war and only last remaining divine right king.
The People were furious with their government so they overthrew their Czar and installed a new government. This new government would be controlled by the common man: Communism. The Soviet Union almost immediately gained popularity within neighboring countries.

"The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991"
After it emerged from the Russian Empire it followed the Russia revolution and the Russian Civil war. The USSR was a union that was based on several soviet republics. The soviet Union was a model for future communists states during the Cold War. During this period of the Cold War the Soviet Union and the United States of America were the worlds two superpowers. They dominated a lot of the economic policy, foreign affairs and military operations. Even though it initially established as a union of only four (4) the USSR grew to include fifteen (15) "union republics"
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This is a picture of the soviet flag.

Soviet military build up at the expense of domestic development, economic growth was at standstill.

From 1945 until dissolution in 1991—a period known as the Cold War—the Soviet Union and the United States of America were the two world superpowers that dominated the global agenda of economic policy, foreign affairs, military operations, cultural exchange, scientific advancements including the pioneering of space exploration, and sports (including the Olympic Games and various world championships).

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As ruler of the U.S.S.R. from 1929 to 1953, Joseph Stalin was in charge of Soviet policies during the early phase of the Cold War. He was the longtime ruler who more than any other individual molded the features that characterized the Soviet regime and shaped the direction of Europe following the end of World War II in 1945.
Jopesh Stalin

The Soviet Union and the United States

Relations between the Soviet Union and the United States were driven by a complex interplay of ideological, political, and economic factors, which led to shifts between cautious cooperation and often bitter superpower rivalry over the years. The distinct differences in the political systems of the two countries often prevented them from reaching a mutual understanding on key policy issues and even, as in the case of the Cuban missile crisis, brought them to the brink of war.

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The Soviet Union was what Russia was called during 1922 to 1991. The Soviet union ended after the cold war.