~The Life and Time of peacemaker Ghandi~
Mohandas Karamchand Ghandi was born in Porbander, India in 1869, to a "Hindu Modh Vanik family in bandar." He was the son of Karamchand Gandhim, who was a prime minister, married to four wives. His fourth wife was a "Hindu of the Pranami Vaishnava order." Karamchand's first two wives died from unknown reasons. His third wife didn't mind the idea of Karamchand getting remarried.
Ghandi lived a humble, yet meaningful life. In India he is known as "Mahatma", meaning father which refers to his impact on India during its reformation. he is a person, who could be considered as a non-materialistic person. Being the leader of the Indian National Congress, he worked to solve problems in his community, such as trying to abolish the caste discrimination, to lower taxation of farmers/laborers, and to liberate women. His main goal was to bring together the people of different communities into one people, where everyone could live in a peaceful environment. He emphasized the need for peace amongst the Muslims, Shiks, and Hindu people. No matter what titles he gained, or recognition he earned, this did not measure his great influence to the world. Although during the Indian reformation, he was considered simply a reformist, he differed from all others in that he stressed the use of peacful protest to bring about change, and that violence is not a necessary step in the process. With his ideas, the world understood that there were other ways to resolve arguments than resorted to violence.

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Ghandi was leader of Indian nationalism, and a strong believer in the power of nonviolence in a revolution, during the 20th century. Ghandi's passion for religion was evoked during his childhood, with his home being revolved around it. In addition, he studied law in England, but due to his individuality, he was blocked from becoming a successful lawyer. Instead, he took a job with an Indian firm in South Africa. There he became a devout advocate for Indian rights, which were being violated in this area at the time. Due to his critism of the government, even though for good reason, he was imprisoned many times. In 1906, he first put into action his technique of nonviolent resistance. This notion was proven successful and with his success in South Africa, he gained an international reputation as a mastermind and true leader. In 1915, he returned to India to soon become the leader of a nationwide struggle for Indian home rule. By 1920, Ghandi commanded influence hitherto unattained by any political leader in India. Although Ghandi's life seemed so intense and elaborate, he lead a humble private life, including maintaining a strict diet consisting of only on fruits and salads. One of his weapons was to starve himself until they met his demands. Ghandi had encouraged Indians to boycott British goods and buy Indian goods instead. For his heroic efforts he was imprisoned four times.

Ghandi was married at the age of 13 through his parents arrangement. Kasturba Makhanhi was her name, she was the same age as Ghandi. They had four sons together one named Harilal Gandhi (born in 1888), Manilal Ghandi (born in 1892), Ramdas Ghandi (born in 1892), and Devdas Ghandi (born in 1900).

Beyond India, Ghandi’s purity, humbleness, and strong opinions of technology, industrialization, and life in general, influenced many other activists to make a change, such as Martin Luther King Junior and Nelson Mandela. Ghandi once said, "Non-violence is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind. It is mightier than the mightiest weapon of destruction devised by the ingenuity of man". No matter what the situation, Ghandi would never use violence to solve anything. Ghandi died on January 30,1948, one year after India's independence was restored, in 1947.
For more information please visit:
__http://www.mkgandhi.org/biography/index.htm__
http://www.crvp.org/book/Series03/IIIB-5/mohandas_karamchand_gandhi.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahatma_Gandhi
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761575565/Gandhi.html
http://webspace.oanet.com/jaywhy/gandhi.htm
http://www.gandhiinstitute.org/



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